Nova Scotia, B.C. groups pair up on court challenge to overturn Canada’s electoral system

A sign points voters to the polling station at St. James Anglican Church on Joseph Howe Drive in Halifax on Monday, Oct. 21, 2019.
A sign points voters to the polling station at St. James Anglican Church on Joseph Howe Drive in Halifax on federal election day, Monday, Oct. 21, 2019. – Ryan Taplin

OTTAWA, Ont. — A Nova Scotia charitable organization wants the courts to force Canada to abandon its winner-take-all electoral system in favour of one that awards seats in Parliament according to the popular vote.

Halifax-based Springtide Collective and Fair Voting B.C. filed an action with the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Toronto earlier this month arguing that Canada’s first-past-the-post system violates the Charter of Rights and Freedoms’ guarantee of fair representation.

Springtide executive director Mark Coffin said the case has been in the works since 2017. By August of 2019 the groups had raised enough money to cover the costs of preparing a court application and securing expert testimony.

“This is a civil rights issue like any other civil rights issue. It’s always best when politicians take steps in lawmaking that would protect and enhance our civil rights, but when we don’t get that from our politicians, and in this case, when we see time and time again politicians really not enthusiastically supporting or championing reform to ensure that everybody’s votes count, it’s time for the courts to intervene,” Coffin said.

Coffin added there’s a pattern of behaviour where campaign on electoral reform, then back off when elected. Justin Trudeau’s Liberals promised that 2015 would be the last election under first-past-the-post, but abandoned the idea of electoral reform a year later.

The applicants hope the courts will now take the issue into their own hands.

The case alleges that Canada’s current electoral system does not comply with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, as well as subsequent rulings on electoral issues, on multiple grounds. Specifically, the application argues that it violates section 3, by denying Canadians effective representation, meaningful participation, and fair and legitimate elections, and section 15, by discriminating against voters and candidates on the basis of political belief.

“The court has in past rulings decided that every Canadian has the right to effective representation and meaningful participation,” Coffin said. “For many Canadians based on their political beliefs, they’re denied effective representation and meaningful participation in the electoral process. . . .Effective representation in the courts means having a voice in the deliberations of government. When more than half of the people vote for candidates that don’t end up in parliament, they’re certainly not represented.”

This election makes the case, the groups argue: 51 per cent of voters cast ballots for candidates that did not end up in Parliament, there were a quarter-million more Conservative voters than Liberal voters but Liberals took 36 more seats than the Conservatives, and NDP voters outnumbered Bloc voters by two to one nationally, yet the NDP will hold fewer seats than the Bloc. Furthermore, they argue, the disproportionate representation of certain political beliefs are concentrated in different regions of the country in ways that are now adding fuel to the fire around national unity.

The two groups involved in the court challenge have hired experienced Toronto-based constitutional lawyer Nicolas Rouleau to represent them. They’re hoping the case will eventually find its way to the Supreme Court of Canada.

If the courts agree with the claims made in the case, they can go as far as to declare Canada’s current electoral system unconstitutional, and order the government to develop a system that complies with the Charter, the applicants say. SOURCE

‘A Civil Rights Issue’: Groups Hope Courts Will Toss Out First-Past-the-Post


Under the first-past-the-post system, when an election results in  majority government dictatorial power is placed in the hands of one man, the prime minister aided by an unelected, hand-picked privy council, who then dictate to the party caucus how they should vote. Is this democracy? Hardly.

With Liberals reneging on electoral reform, advocates pursue charter challenge.

‘In order to see representation, or the impact of your ballot, right now there’s an unhealthy incentive to vote for somebody who’s not your first choice.’ Photo of electoral reform supporters by Ryan Hodnett, Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 2.0.

Two groups wanting the courts to toss out Canada’s first-past-the-post electoral system are hoping to file their case before next fall’s federal election.

“It’s an important issue that we think the courts ought to weigh in on, because it’s fundamentally a human rights and civil rights issue,” said Mark Coffin, the executive director of Springtide, a Nova Scotia organization that advocates for more responsive and resilient democratic institutions and leaders.

In provincial and federal elections, “the reality is that the majority of voters cast a vote for a candidate that doesn’t end up in the legislature or the House of Commons,” Coffin said.

He gave the example of Atlantic Canada, where after the last federal election every MP came from the Liberal party, even though many people voted for Conservative and NDP candidates. Or on the flipside, Alberta, where 29 out of 34 MPs are Conservatives, and supporters of other parties are poorly represented.

The result is “large groups of people who for the term of a majority government are just without what we would argue is effective representation, representation that they have an influence in choosing,” Coffin said. MORE