In Picton, there was an incredible turnout to protest police violence.
A peaceful Black Lives Matter demonstation on Picton’s Main Street on Friday night drew around 1,000 people all calling for an end to systemic racisim. For nearly three hours participants stood in silent solidarity with those protesting racisim in cities around the world. (Desirée DeCoste/Gazette Staff)
This week, the Picton Gazette (June 10) reported, “Peaceful Black Lives Matter demonstration draws in over 1,000“.
The irony, of course, is that the statue of Sir John A. Macdonald “Holding Court” is still displayed steps away in front of the Picton Library with no explanation of his role as the architect of Indigenous genocide, his role as instigator of the political murder of Metis leader, Louis Riel, and the architect of the theft of Indigenous land and resources enforced by a miltarized police.
A teachable moment squandered
Nation-building for Macdonald ment the development of a Constitution for white male Christians only; a Constitution that excluded women, First Nations, Metis and Innu— a constitution that embeded cultural genocide for First Nations.
Will Prince Edward Council finally assume its responsibility to address racism?
PROTESTERS want more than 100 statues and street names across the UK taken down because of their racist associations.
A map showing all of the “racist” statues in Britain include memorials of Captain Cook and Wetherspoons pubs named after slave owners has been put up on a website called Topple the Racists.
The website was published by the Stop Trump coalition in support of the Black Lives Matter protests and maps out more than 100 statues across Britain which pay tribute to slave traders and “racists”.
The group said: “We believe these statues and other memorials to slave-owners and colonialists need to be removed so that Britain can finally face the truth about its past – and how it shapes our present.”
What statutes do protesters want taking down and why?
The statue commemorating the wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill was vandalised by Black Lives Matter protesters on D-Day this year.
The statue in Parliament Square, central London was targeted and smeared with graffiti claiming he “was a racist”.
Just a few days later another Churchill statue, in Woodford Green in northeast London, was vandalised.
The commemorative statue was erected in 1959 after Churchill served as MP for the area from 1924 to 1964
One of the statues they want taken down is famed explorer Christopher Columbus, which sits in Belgrave Square in London..
The explorer was called the founder of the “New World” but protesters want his statue torn down for his exploitation and colonisation of the Americas.
An older understanding of the “discovery” of the Americas praised Columbus’ expedition as a great triumph and bringing huge wealth to Spain and other European countries through pillaging the land.
But more recent histories of the adventurer have focused on the slave trade in the Americas and the imported European diseases which wiped out indigenous peoples of the Caribbean region and American continents.
Historians have credited Columbus’ “discovery” of the Americas as the beginning of the slaughter of 3 million people – and his statue in North End Park in Boston, US, was decapitated on June 10.
A young priest who transcribed Columbus journals’ wrote: “There were 60,000 people living on this island, including the Indians; so that from 1494 to 1508, over 3,000,000 people had perished from war, slavery, and the mines.
“Who in future generations will believe this? I myself writing it as a knowledgeable eyewitness can hardly believe it.”
Thomas Guy was a philanthropist who founded Guys’ Hospital in London.
A King’s College London campus is named after him and a statue in Southwark pays tribute to him.
He was member of Parliament for Tamworth from 1695 to 1707; he also was chosen sheriff of London but declined to serve.
Guy made his fortune from the slave trade.
He owned shares in the South Sea Company, who sourced slaves via the Royal African Company.
Before the share price crashed in 1720, Guy sold his at peak price and amassed a fortune.
The SSC was responsible for the transportation of about 64,000 African slaves between 1715 and 1731.
According to the website set up by the protesters, the company also had contracts to kidnap people and deliver them to Jamaica.
Henry Dundas, the First Viscount Melville, has a statue in St Andrew’s Square and protesters also want streets bearing his name changed.
Dundas was a politician who studied at the University of Edinburgh.
According to protesters: “He was solely responsible for delaying the abolition of slavery in 1792, causing another 15 years of people being kidnapped, shipped to, and enslaved in Britain (that’s around 630,000 more people) from which he directly benefited from.”
Dundas was also the first lord of the Admiralty and he was accused of misappropriating public money.
Though he was acquitted, he never again held office.
Sir Robert Peel was the British Prime Minister from 1834-35 and then again from 1841-46.
Sir Robert was the son of a wealthy cotton manufacturer, also called Robert Peel.
There is some confusion among protesters over which Robert Peel they are railing against.
They claim Sir Robert petitioned against the Foreign Slave Trade Abolition Bill in 1806, but that was actually his father – the cotton manufacturer and British MP.
Sir Robert would still have been a teenager at the time.
Campaigners have said Sir Robert’s family fortune was made off of the backs of slaves and he should no longer be honoured with a statue.
Lord William Leverhulme built one of Britain’s largest soap companies in the 1800s.
He made the first modern multinational business, and while he was known for caring for the welfare of his white workers, he exploited African slaves to make his fortune.
He set up palm oil plantations – the Lever plantations in the Congo – for forced labour.
Beatings and squalid conditions were the daily reality for most of the slaves.
The land was leased to him by his close friend King Leopold II long after slaver was officially ended in Britain.
A monument commemorates his philanthropy near Liverpool.
Protesters even want a Wetherspoons pub named after American-born Elihu Yale, a slave trader from the 17th century, changed.
Yale was the president of the East India Company settlement in Fort St George, at Madras.
He was later booted from office after being charged with “self-aggrandisement” at company expense.
He was forced to pay a fine, but Yale was still able to take a massive fortune back with him to England.
In London he entered the diamond trade, but he devoted a good deal of his time and money to philanthropy.
Protesters said: “He enforced a law that at least ten slaves should be carried on every ship bound for Europe.
“In his capacity as judge he also on several occasions sentenced so-called “black criminals” to whipping and enslavement.”
After a petition in 2017 the pub sign was removed, which showed Yale alongside a slave in chains.
But the protesters want the pub to change the name entirely.
The management is saying that they are now “considering a name change”.
A statue of explorer James Cook sits in Great Ayton.
Captain Cook was famous for discovering and colonising Australia and New Zealand.
Captain Cook’s “discovery” led to the deaths of Maori people in New Zealand and indigenous Australians.
Robert the Bruce
Both the statue and the visitor centre were daubed with graffiti.
There is no known racist history associated with Robert the Bruce.
Some suggestions were made online that historical tensions between Scotland and England led to the racism accusations in the graffiti.
Sir Walter Raleigh Gilbert
The Bodmin Beacon memorial, erected in 1856, commemorates the service of Sir Walter Raleigh Gilbert in India.
Sir Walter was an army in the British East India Company.
Protesters said: “In 1849 he lead a division of East India Company soldiers responsible for killing 6000 Sikhs during the Second Anglo-Sikh War.”
A lecture theatre at University College London is named after Francis Galton.
Galton has been called the father of eugenics and wanted to build a “improved human race”.
He coined the term Eugenics himself.
Galton wrote nine books and 200 papers in his life time about dozens of subjects including the use of fingerprints for personal identification, the correlational calculus (a branch of applied statistics), criminality, blood transfusions and meteorology.
He was knighted in 1909.
Full list of statues to be removed
James George Smith Neill – Monument – Ayr, Wellington Square
Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde – Statue – Glasgow, George Square
Sir Robert Peel – Statue – Glasgow, George Square
Henry Dundas – Statue – Edinburgh, St Andrew’s Square
Grey’s Monument – Newcastle Upon Tyne, Grainger Street
William Armstrong – Memorial – Newcastle Upon Tyne, Eldon Place
Statue of Sir Robert Peel in George Square, Glasgow
Sir Robert Peel – Statue – Leeds, Woodhouse Moor
Robert Peel – Statue – Preston, Winkley Square
Robert Peel – Statue – Bury
Robert Peel – Statue – Manchester, Piccadilly Gardens
Oliver Cromwell – Statue – Manchester, Wythenshawe Road
Oliver Cromwell – Statue – Warrington, Bridge Street
Bryan Blundell – Blundell House – Liverpool, Liverpool Blue Coat School
Christopher Columbus – Statue – Liverpool, Sefton Park Palm House
William Leverhulme – Statue – Wirral, outside Lady Lever Art Gallery
Henry Morton Stanley – Statue – Denbigh, Hall Square
William Gladstone – Statue – Hawarden, Gladstone’s Library, Church Lane
Elihu Yale – Wetherspoons Pub – Wrexham, Regent Street
Black man’s head caricature – Ashbourne, Green Man
Robert Clive – Statue – Shrewsbury, The Square
Robert Peel – Statue – Tamworth, 27 Market Street
H Morton Stanley – Park – Redditch, Morton Stanley Park
Statue of Oliver Cromwell on Bridge Street, Warrington
Oliver Cromwell – Statue – St Ives, Market Hill
Ronald A. Fisher – Memorial – Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College
Sir Thomas Picton – Memorial – Carmarthen, Picton Terrace
General Nott – Statue – Carmarthen, Nott Square
Thomas Phillips – Memorial plaque – Brecon, Captain’s Walk
Cecil Rhodes – Statue – Oxford, Oriel College
Christopher Codrington – Rename Library – Oxford, Codrington Library, All Souls College
Rename Rhodes Arts Complex and Rhodes Avenue – Bishop’s Stortford, Cecil Rhodes
Sir Thomas Picton – Statue – Cardiff, Cardiff City Hall
Edward Colston – Rename Colston Hall and Colston Street – Bristol, Colston Street
Henry Overton Wills III – Wills Memorial Building – Bristol, University of Bristol
Edward Colston – Statue – Bristol, Bristol Harbour
Edward Colston – Building – Bristol, Colston Tower, Colston Street
Captain Edward August Lendy & Captain Charles Frederick Lendy – Memorial Statue – Sunbury-on-Thames, Pantiles Court
Edward Colston – Rename Colston Road – Mortlake, Colston Road
William Beckford – School – London, Dornfell Street
Robert the Bruce – Bannockburn
Statue of Robert Clive in The Square, Shrewsbury
Robert Geffrye – Statue located on the Museum of the Home – London, Kingsland Road
Francis Galton – Galton Lecture Theatre – London, Gower Street
Charles II of England – Statue – London, Soho Square Gardens
King James II – Statue – London, Trafalgar Square
Robert Clive – Statue – London, Westminster, King Charles Street
Oliver Cromwell – Statue – London, Houses of Parliament
Sir Robert Clayton – Statue – London, St Thomas’ Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road
Sir Henry De la Beche – Name on front of Imperial College – London, Royal School of Mines, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus
Christopher Columbus – Monument – London, Belgrave Square Garden
Thomas Guy – Statue – London, Guys Hospital
Thomas Guy – London, Guy’s Hospital
Robert Milligan – Statue – London, Tower Hamlets, West India Quay
Sir Francis Drake, Robert Blake, Horatio Nelson – Statues – London, Deptford Town Hall, Goldsmiths College
Sir Francis Drake, Robert Blake and Horatio Nelson – Statues – London, Goldsmiths Uni Deptford Town Hall
Statue of Sir Robert Clayton on Westminster Bridge Road, London
Lord Kitchener – Statue – Chatham, Khartoum Road
Admiral Sir Edward Codrington – Plaque – Brighton, Western Road
William Ewart Gladstone – Plaque – Brighton, Royal Albion Hotel
Redvers Buller – Statue – Exeter, Hele Road
Francis Drake – Statue – Tavistock, Drakes Roundabout
Nancy Astor – Statue – Plymouth, Hoe Park
Francis Drake – Statue – Plymouth, Plymouth Hoe
‘A more diverse London’
The news comes after London Mayor Sadiq Khan demanded statues and plaques be removed and street names in London changed if they commemorate slave owners.
Mr Khan told Sky News on June 9: “We’ve got to realise that our public realm statues, squares, street names don’t accurately reflect our values, or London, in 2020.”
But he added: “I don’t condone at all any attacks on our police, any disorder or criminal damages.”
Meanwhile, it has been announced 130 Labour councils across England and Wales will begin reviewing monuments and statues in their towns and cities.
It means dozens more monuments could be removed.
A statement posted on Twitter said: “LGA Labour have consulted with all Labour council leaders, and there is overwhelming agreement from all Labour councils that they will listen to and work with their local communities to review the appropriateness of local monuments and statues on public land and council property.”
On June 9 a statue of Robert Milligan – thought to have owned some 500 slaves – was removed from the West India Quay in East London following a petition from a Labour MP.
Milligan was the driving force behind the building of the West India Docks in London.
Reports say the statue’s removal was met with cheers and applause from onlookers.
Milligan’s statue had stood outside the Museum of the Docklands near the West India Quay he helped create near Canary Wharf.
Full list of statues to be removed
London, England: Colin Campbell (Field Marshal Lord Clyde)
Waterloo Place, near Piccadilly,
Chester: Statue of Stapleton Cotton
London: Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale
38 Wimpole St, W1G 8SF
London: William Gladstone
Bromley High St., Bow, E3 2SH
Oxford: Rhodes House
South Parks Road, OX1 3RG
Lisburn: John Nicholson statue
Lisburn Museum, Market Square, bt28 1ag
East Grinstead: Samuel Jeffries Church plaque
St Swithun’s Church, RH19
Chester: Statue of Viscount Combermere
Alness: Fyrish Monument
Highlands of Scotland, IV17 0XJ
Bristol: Henry Overton Wills III
Wills Hall, Parrys Lane, Bs91ae
London: Statue of John Cass
31 Jewry Street
Hammersmith : Crisp Road
Broadstairs : Uncle Mack’s Plaque
London: Colston Road
London: Lord Kitchener statue
South side of Horse Guards Parade
Croydon: East India Company Addiscombe Military Seminary
Corner of Clyde Road and A232, CR0 0XT
London: Cass Business School
106 Bunhill Row,
Haverfordwest : General Sir Thomas Picton (Gov)
Dragon House Hill Street,
London: Henry Bartle Frere statue
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll: Horatio Nelson Memorial Statue
Argyll & Bute: Macquarie Musem and Mausoleum
Gruline, Isle of Mull,
St Asaph : H M Stanley Obelisk
Shrewsbury : Sir Clive of India
Whitby: Captain Cook Statue, Whitby
London: Bust of Alfred Beit, Royal School of Mines, Prince Consort Road, Imperial College London,
London: Sir John Cass, Guildhall Old Library
Dundee: George Kinloch Statue
Albert Square, DD1 1DA
London : Beit Quad, 2 Prince Consort Rd, Kensington, , SW7 2BB
Southrepps, Tony Dailide
Southrepps, Norfolk. , NR11
Middlesbrough: The Resolution
19 Newport Crescent, TS1 5UA
Middlesbrough: James Cook University Hospital
Marton Road, TS4 3BW
Liverpool : Christopher Columbus statue
Sefton Park Palm House, L17 1AP
Middlesbrough: Captain Cook Primary School
Middlesbrough: Captain Cook’s Crescent
Captain Cook’s Crescent,
St Asaph: Stanley obelisk st Asaph
Cardiff: Thomas Picton Statue
City Hall, King Edward VII Avenue,
Great Yarmouth: Nelson Monument, Great Yarmouth
London: Statue of William Beckford in the Guildhall
The Guildhall ,
Retford: The Black Boy pub sign
14 Moorgate ,
London : Captain Cook Statue
The Mall, Westminster, SW1A 2WH
Liverpool: Tarleton Street Liverpool
1 Tarleton Street, L1 1DF
Norwich: Lord Nelson Statue
Swansea : de la Beche Street and de la Beche Road
de la Beche Street, , SA1 3EU
Bristol: Merchant Venturers Building
75 Woodland Road, Bs8 1ub
Comrie : Melville Monument, Comrie, Perthshire.
Dunmore Hill, PH6 2LX
Sunderland: Henry Havelock Statue
Mowbray Park, SR1 1QB
Saint Asaph: Henry Morton Stanley
Lower Street, LL17 0SG
London: Equestrian statue of the Viscount Wolseley
13 Macclesfield St, Westminster, W1D 5BR
London: William Beckford, Guildhall
Basinghall St, EC2V 7HH
Dunoon, Argyllshire: “Jim Crow” Rock
opp 165 Marine Parade, Hunter’s Quay, Dunoon, Argyllshire. 55.966794, -4.908494, PA23 8HJ
Hampstead: William Lever Blue Plaque
Inverforth House, North End Way, , NW3 7EU
Exmouth : Sir John Colleton
Outside library on Essex Road, EX8 1PS
Edinburgh: Earl of Hopetoun Statue
35 St Andrew Square, EH2 2AD
London : Nelson’s Column
A400 Trafalgar Square, London, United Kingdom, SW1Y 5BJ
Bury: Peel Tower
Holcombe Hill, off Moorbottom Road, BL8 4NR
London: Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
King Charles Walk, Whitehall, SW19
Bristol : Colston Girls School
Cheltenham Rd, Montpelier, BS6 5RD
Golspie: Duke of Sutherland Monument
Ben Bhraggie, KW10 6UE
Lyme Regis: Statue of Admiral Sir George Somers
Langmore and Lister gardens, DT7 3JQ
Glasgow: Lord Roberts Monument
Kelvingrove Park, G3 6DL
bradford: Peel Park
Cliffe Rd, Bradford BD3 0LT, BD3 0LT
Glasgow: Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts statue
Kelvingrove Park, G3 6DL
Liverpool: Nelson Monument, Liverpool
Exchange Flags, L23PF
Liverpool: Martin’s Bank Slavery Relief
4 Waters Street, L23SP
Bodmin: Bodmin Beacon
Cardiff: Statue of Henry Austin Bruce, Lord of Aberdare
Alexandra Gardens, Cathays Park, Cf103nb
Orkney: The Kitchener memorial
B9056, Orkney , KW17 2ND
Ayr: James George Smith Neill Statue
Wellington Square, Ka7 1EN
Croydon : The East India estate
Elgin Road, havelock Road, Clyde Road, outram Road, canning road, Cr0 6xa
London: Horniman Museum
Forest Hill, SE23 3PQ
Wareham: Drax Avenue
Drax Avenue, BH20
London: Guy’s Hospital
Guy’s Hospital, Great Maze Pond, SE1 9RT
St Asaph: H M Stanley column/memorial
Lower Street, LL17 0SG
London: William Beckford (1709–1770)
Basinghall St, London , EC2V 7HH
Glasgow: Thomas Carlyle Statue
Kelvingrove Park, G3 6BY
Glasgow: Lord Roberts Monument
Kelvingrove Park, G3 6DL
Poole: Robert Baden-Powell
The Quay, BH15 1HJ
Bristol : Colston’s School
Bell Hill, Stapleton, , BS16 1BJ
Glasgow: John Moore statue
George Square, G1
Bradford : Robert Peel Statue
Peel Park, BD2 4BX
Great Ayton: Captain James Cook
London: Jan Smuts statue
Parliament square, SW1P 3JX
Birmingham: Robert Peel statue – Edgbaston
275 Pershore Road, B5 7RW
London: Henry Havelock
Trafalgar Square, WC2N 5DX
London: Statue of Charles James Napier
Trafalgar Square, WC2N 5DX
Bristol: Wills Memorial Building
University of Bristol, Queens Rd, BS8 1QE
London : Statue of Robert Clayton
Westminster Bridge Rd, Bishop’s, , SE1 7EH
Wrexham: ELIHU YALE Wetherspoons Pub
44-46 Regent Street, LL11 1RR
London: Robert Geffrye
The Museum of the Home, Kingsland Road, E2 8EA
London : Statue of Thomas Guy
Guys Hospital, SE1 1XJ
Bishop’s Stortford: Rhodes Arts Complex
1-3 South Street, CM23 3JG
Carmarthen : Statue of General Nott in Nott Square, Carmarthen
Nott Square, SA31 1PQ
Bury: Robert Peel Statue
HPV2+FR Bury, United Kingdom, BL9 0LA
London: Christopher Columbus
Belgrave Square Garden, Belgravia, London, SW1X 8PQ
Ayr: Monument to James Georg Smith Neill
Wellington Square, KA7 9SF
Preston : Robert Peel
Winkley Square, PR1 3JD
Statue of Robert Peel
Wirral : The Leverhulme Memorial
Outside Lady Lever Art Gallery, CH62 5EQ
London: Sir Robert Clayton statue
St Thomas’ Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, SE1 7EH
Brighton: Blue Plaque to Admiral Sir Edward Codrington
140 Western Road, BN1 2LA
Chatham: Lord Kitchener
Khartoum road, ME4 4UB
Leeds: Robert Peel
Woodhouse Moor, LS6 1AQ
Cambridge: Ronald A. Fisher Memorial Window
Gonville and Caius College, CB2 1TA
Bristol: Colston Tower
Colston Tower, Colston Street, BS1 5AQ
Tamworth: Robert Peel Statue – Tamworth
27 Market St, B79 7LR
Leeds: Robert Peel Statue – Leeds
Woodhouse Moor, LS6 1AQ
Woodhouse, Leeds: Statue of Sir Robert Peel
1 Moor View, LS6 1AQ
Leeds: Sir Robert Peel
Woodhouse Moor, LS61AQ
Sunbury-on-Thames: The Lendy Memorial Lion
Pantiles Court, 79 St The Walled Garden Thames, Thames St, TW16 6AB
Oxford : Codrington Library
All Souls College, OX1 4AL
London: Beckford School
Dornfell St, West Hampstead, , NW6 1QL
Glasgow: Sir Robert Peel
George Square, G2 1DU
London: Goldsmiths Uni ‘Deptford Town Hall’ building statues
Goldsmiths Deptford Town Hall, SE14 6AF
Hawarden: William Gladstone statue
Gladstone’s Library, Church Lane, CH5 3DF
Brecon: Thomas Phillips
Oxford: Codrington Library, All Souls College
All Souls College,
Bristol: Edward Colston
Bristol Harbour, BS1 4SB
London : Statue of Robert Clive, Whitehall
King Charles St, Westminster, SW1A 2AQ
London : Sir Henry De la Beche – name on front of Imperial College (old Royal School of Mines)
London: Galton Lecture Theatre, UCL
Bristol: Colston Hall, Colston Street, Bristol Colston Street
Exeter: Redvers Buller
Glasgow: Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde George Square Glasgow
Plymouth: Nancy Astor – prominent Nazi supporter Hoe Park
Carmarthen: Picton Memorial Picton Terrace,
Tavistock: Statue of Francis Drake
Mortlake: Rename Colston Road in Mortlake
Liverpool: Rename Blundell House and stop glorifying Bryan Blundell
Liverpool Blue Coat School,
Bishop’s Stortford: Rename Rhodes Arts Complex and Rhodes Avenue
Plymouth: Francis Drake
Denbigh: H M Stanley
Edinburgh: Henry Dundas
St Andrew’s Square,
Tower Hamlets, London: Robert Milligan
West India Quay,
Shrewsbury, Shropshire: Robert Clive
Manchester: Robert Peel, Picadilly Gardens
Ashbourne: Black man’s head caricature, Green Man
Oxford: Cecil Rhodes